Practical Ecommerce

Panda 4.0 Algorithm Update Rocks Google Search Results

Google released two algorithm updates this week targeted at removing low quality sites from its search results. Payday Loans and Panda both received major updates, with upwards of seven percent of all U.S. search queries impacted.

Matt Cutts Panda 4 Payday Loans 2 Tweets

Tweets from Google’s head of web spam Matt Cutts on the new Panda 4.0 and Payday Loans 2.0 algorithm updates.

In general, thin content sites, aggregator sites, and sites targeting traditionally spammy segments of the search market were hit hardest by these two updates. But this time some major players were affected as well.

Ebay is the most widely discussed among sites negatively impacted, but others like, DealCentral, and SimplyRecipes were also hit hard according to a report from search tools provider Searchmetrics.

Interestingly, some sites benefitted just as strongly. Other sites, such as GlassDoor, MyRecipes, CouponCabin, and BuzzFeed, appear to have improved their visibility overnight within the timeframe of the algorithm updates.

All of the sites mentioned in the top winners and losers lists are content sites as opposed to ecommerce sites. But anecdotally, based on the buzz in the SEO forums and my own review of the tens of client sites I work with, it looks as though some brand and ecommerce sites were either unaffected or experienced a lift in rankings.

What Is Panda 4.0?

On May 19, Google began rolling out its latest version of the Panda site quality algorithm. Originally released in 2011, and sometimes referred to as the Farmer Update, Panda 1.0 targeted content farms and other thin content sites. Since then, 27 Panda updates have been made, mostly in the form of monthly data refreshes.

According to Matt Cutts, Google’s head of web spam, this version of the Panda algorithm will change the search results for approximately seven and a half percent of all search queries. That’s the largest Panda-related change in Google’s search results since 2011.

Panda’s updates can take up to 10 days to roll out completely, so we’ll likely see further fluctuations in search results and organic search performance for the next week or so.

What Is Payday Loans 2.0?

Just a few days earlier, on May 16, Google released another update. The Payday Loans 2.0 update targets some of the sites ranking for Google’s most spammy queries. “Payday loans” was originally one of the noted search queries targeted, hence the algorithm’s name.

The original iteration of the Payday Loans algorithm was launched almost a year ago in June 2013, and affected three tenths of a percent of English search queries. Because the focus of this algorithm is so narrow, Cutts says that only two tenths of a percent of all English search results will be affected.

Don’t Panic

The first course of action is to wait and plan. Major algorithm updates take some time to settle out into their final shapes. Search results will likely be in flux for a week or so more, so it’s best to busy yourself collecting data and planning for the worst while you’re waiting for the results to settle into their new shape.

Monitor your web analytics to determine the impact on organic search visits over the next week. Pay close attention to the pages that have lost or gained the most visits steadily after May 16 or May 19.

If you’re seeing a decrease in organic search performance, try to determine the exact date of change. If the decrease happens on May 16, you’re dealing with the Payday Loans update. Likewise, a May 19 decrease indicates a Panda update issue.

If you’re seeing a decrease in organic search performance, try to determine the exact date of change. If the decrease happens on May 16, you’re dealing with the Payday Loans update. Likewise, a May 19 decrease indicates a Panda update issue.

Check in with Google Webmaster Tools, as well. Take a look at the Search Queries and Top Pages reports to get an idea of the change in performance before and after May 19. It’s always a good idea to check the Messages section as well. If you’re seeing a massive decrease in organic search traffic based on a manual action or penalty, Google will alert you in the Messages section.

You can also monitor your rankings tool — in Webmaster Tools, use the Search Queries or Top Pages report to monitor Google rankings — to determine the changes in ranking position and which pages are ranking differently. You may see some pages fall out of rankings and others rank better. Analyze the differences in those pages and replicate elements from the positive movers on the pages that have lost visibility.

Make sure to cross check your findings in the rankings data with your analytics data. If your net visits and conversions are higher, you may rethink actions you were planning to take based on fluctuations in individual rankings.

What to Do If Your Site Was Impacted

After a week or two with no improvement, it’s likely that the new decreased trend in your data is the new reality for your organic search performance.

If Payday Loans 2.0 is the issue, you’re probably already familiar with the darker side of search engine optimization and which tactics are frowned upon by the search engines.

If Panda 4.0 is the issue, the solution is murkier. Panda is one of the most difficult algorithms to “fix” a site for because the solution is a nebulous “create unique, valuable content.” When the content in question reaches Google’s algorithmic definition of quality, it will be released from the influence of Panda during its next monthly refresh.

Go back to the research you did while you were waiting for the data to shake out and take another look at the pages that decreased the most sharply on May 19. Was it every page on the site? Or was it a section of specific pages? Narrow the focus so you know which pages to beef up.

Now put on your Google hat. Forget that you know your site, love your site, and are appalled that anyone could have the temerity to question your site’s value. You have to think like Google to find the answer.

If a whole section has been impacted, is there something that can be added or removed from the template to reduce the appearance of duplicate or thin content? Or do you have to slog through it page by page, injecting more uniqueness into the content?

If the whole site has been impacted, it may be time to rethink your business model. If you’re relying exclusively on syndicated content or content pulled from other sites’ APIs, there’s nothing really that makes your site different from another site that sells the same products.

Ask yourself: What makes your business different from all the others and how can you inject that unique value into your site in ways that Google will agree add value for searchers?

Jill Kocher Brown

Jill Kocher Brown

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  1. Rua May 23, 2014 Reply

    Nice write up, but from what i’ve read and experienced in the past panda is sitewide penalty, so there’s no point in looking for a page or section of your site that might be suffering from / showing results of a penalty – If you’ve been hit by panda your whole site feels the effects. Or at least that’s the way it’s been in my experience.

    • Jill Kocher May 23, 2014 Reply

      Good point, Rua. I should have said subdomains (which can be treated similarity to unique sites) instead of pages/sections. Thanks for keeping me honest.

  2. Marc J. May 23, 2014 Reply

    Great article Jill! This is better for online experience. Too many companies have been using black hat tactics for seo and gaining an unfair advantage. This evens the playing field even more for smaller companies and firms.

  3. Isaac May 25, 2014 Reply

    Thanks for the update, i haven’t noticed any changes yet but am starting to monitor my site now

  4. Krish TechnoLabs May 27, 2014 Reply

    Google right now: It’s being punished as if it were a spam website

  5. Rao May 27, 2014 Reply

    So, it means that people have to begin searches on other search engines because of the instability in google. The fact is that I have stopped getting results from goople search, the way I used to get before. Bing has improved a lot too. If google search engine keeps pointing to only big news sites and ecommerce companies, it may not be needed any more. Even the results for these websites are not satisfactory. Simply put, you cannot find results with google search and google has increasingly become an email company.

  6. Bob Ardito May 27, 2014 Reply

    “If the whole site has been impacted, it may be time to rethink your business model.” This made me laugh out loud. It really illustrates the power of Google more than anything else I’ve ever read.

    • Rao May 27, 2014 Reply

      There was an interesting discussion on google search support. One webmaster complained of changes in google ranking. He actually went on to list why google search is not keeping their promises based on what they say. The usual morons there, including one from Google (Australia, I think he is the moderator of google search forum or hangout or whatever trash they call it), peeved him further off by stating his content needs relook. The webbie, said that his content (he sells book) is industry standard and people are not fools to read all books and write a different content as description. He also said that google can stop showing the product in results, but shouldn’t his url show when people search for his online website’s name?

      So forumers were praising that the Google guy actually replied to the webie, a thing that other webies will die for. Also they showed him the google’s opinion on the book descriptions. But this webie was headstrong. He threatened the google to behave or he would take off his website from google. He listed the kind of rare books he sells and the google searchers won’t have that and people have to use alternative search engine to find it. So, the morons there challenged him to take the website off, which he actually did with noindex tag.

      To their dismay, the website started disappearing from google. Then 1 nice guy from the forum persistently cajoled him to take off the no follow tag as he understood the value of the book and the need to discover it. Finally the webbie relented stating that he will stop optimising it for google. I contacted him after sometime. He said that he has taken off google analytics, taken off the google webmasters setup etc. He took a lot of steps to make sure that google cannot collect data on his website. that actually improved his website ranking. His budget for adwords for shifted to “other places.” Such is the power of google. they are loosing it. Google forgets that their success lies in not peeving of the webbies.

  7. bala May 28, 2014 Reply

    thanks for the insight. i run a e-commerce site called and it contains non-english content.

    how does panda react to non-English contents? any idea?

    • Jill Kocher May 30, 2014 Reply

      Bala, there’s no way of knowing unless Google decides to release that information. Here’s what Cutts said in the Webmaster Central blog:

      “This algorithm affects about 3.1% of queries in English to a degree that a regular user might notice. The change affects roughly 3% of queries in languages such as German, Chinese, and Arabic, but the impact is higher in more heavily-spammed languages. For example, 5% of Polish queries change to a degree that a regular user might notice.”

  8. Harshajyoti Das July 6, 2014 Reply

    I sincerely think that people are going to get tired of the cat and mouse game that Google has been playing with Penguin and Panda updates.

    It’s true that they are working towards improving their search quality but at the same time, the should be more open to why a site was penalized.

    Simply stating that a site is against their quality guideline leaves with no clue to a business owner who has little knowledge about SEO.

    Author, ‘NO SEO FOREVER’,