Photography & Video

Product Photography, Part 8: Composition Essentials

Photo composition refers to the arrangement of an image’s items and elements. For product photography, composition has one goal: create an image that draws a shopper closer to purchase.

This is the eighth installment in my series to help ecommerce merchants improve their product photography. “Part 1” addressed the importance of backdrops. “Part 2” explained tripods. “Part 3” examined the fundamentals of artificial lighting. “Part 4” reviewed angles and viewpoints, “Part 5” dealt with choosing a camera. “Part 6” assessed lenses and their importance, and “Part 7” focused on magnification and close-ups.

In this “Part 8,” I’ll explain photo composition and why it’s important. I’ll review two compositional rules to help create exceptional product photos.

Rule of Thirds

Image of a candle from with the subject slightly off center on a superimposed grid.

In photo composition, the rule of thirds dictates setting the primary subject slightly off-center. A camera grid can help. Image:

The rule of thirds is critical when shooting products. It’s easy to implement and can greatly impact how a shopper views a product.

Centering a product in the middle of a frame seems logical, but it won’t set your items apart.

Instead, apply the rule of thirds, which is to offset from the center slightly. The rule states that the subject of an image should be placed at the intersection of predetermined vertical and horizontal lines. An iPhone camera, for example, has a grid setting to help, at Settings > Camera > Grid.  Nearly all DSLR cameras have a similar tool.

This type of offset image is useful because it creates a natural focal point that draws in viewers. Having the subject in one-third of the composition with the remaining two-thirds balanced with negative space is attractive, and more importantly, feels right to a viewer.

Rule of Odds

Image from showing two images: (a) three bottles of body wash and (b) three deodorant sticks.

The rule of odds calls for grouping multiple items in a photo in odd numbers, such as three or five. This example from uses groups of three.

The rule of odds is another simple yet effective composition tactic for product photography. The rule states that when shooting more than one object, always group in odd numbers. Odd-numbered groupings force the human eye to work harder to view each item.

Our brains naturally seek order and organization. An odd pairing of products makes your unconscious mind work harder. The effect is to force shoppers to spend more time on product images.

Procter & Gamble’s uses the concept. The body wash and deodorant shots on the home page, above, contain three items. But each product within the image is unique, with slight discrepancies in color and clarity, prompting the viewer to pause. The result entices shoppers to click. It’s terrific, powerful photo composition.

Three or five products are generally the best for product photography groupings. Differentiate the items by stacking some of them on a different plane, pairing a larger object with a smaller one, or varying the distance or angle.

This image from Apple features five iPhones at different angles, distrances, and colors.

This image from Apple features five iPhones at different angles, distances, and colors.

Try to break up a boring, horizontal line of products by forming a triangle or a vertical arrangement. (I’ll address diagonal composition in a later installment.)

Image from of three apples in a triangle.

Setting items in a triangle, such as these three apples, is better than a simple horizontal line. Source:

Finally, use a camera’s lens focus to your advantage. Not every subject in an image needs to be completely clear, as demonstrated by the deodorant example. Find an aesthetically pleasing layout and experiment with the best focal point. Try new arrangements and settings. Create images that will engage your shoppers and drive sales.

See “Part 9: Advanced Composition.”

Carolyn Mara
Carolyn Mara
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