Practical Ecommerce

Installing Software on Ubuntu Linux

The Ubuntu Linux software installation process is more like visiting a mobile app store than following a traditional Microsoft Windows or Apple Mac OS X process.

“On Windows, you might have to root around on a website to find an .exe file to download or go to a store and buy a CD with the software on it.” wrote Rickford Grant and Phil Bull in their recent book, Ubuntu Made Easy, A Product-Based Introduction to Linux.

“You’d then run the installer and click through a seemingly endless procession of options and questions before it decides to start installing your new application. On Mac OS, you might have to do something similar, although perhaps with a little less hassle. …Software installation works differently on Ubuntu.”

The Ubuntu Software Center

Just like there is an app store on Apple or Android phones (remember that Android is based on Linux), Ubuntu has a software center with more than 60,000 applications — most of which are free — that users can typically download and install with a single click and password confirmation.

The Ubuntu Software Center can be accessed from the “Launcher” that typically appears on the left side of a new Ubuntu installation — at the time of writing, Ubuntu 12.04 was the most current release. The Software Center icon is a shopping bag.

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The Ubuntu Software Center may be accessed from the Launcher.

The Ubuntu Software Center may be accessed from the Launcher.

The Software Center works very much like an online store, with items — in this case software — that can be browsed and downloaded.

Users may search for software from the search bar at the top right corner or by category at the left. For business users there are plenty of productivity-oriented programs to choose from.

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It is possible to either browse or search for software on Ubuntu.

It is possible to either browse or search for software on Ubuntu.

To start the download process, a user simply clicks on the software icon, exposing both a more information button and an install button. Just clicking the install button starts the download process. The system may prompt the user for a password, but that is the most that is required.

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It often takes just two clicks to install software on Ubuntu.

It often takes just two clicks to install software on Ubuntu.

Ubuntu can also download several programs at once (really one right after the other), so that users may click liberally adding software.

Free Versus Commercial

Most of the software available on Ubuntu is free to use for personal or commercial purposes. This is largely due to the Ubuntu’s (Linux’) origins in the open source community. Although open source does not necessarily mean free, the two often go together, and this was even truer a few years ago.

However, there is still some commercial software available. To find the commercial software, simply click to display the dropdown menu next to the All Software button in the Ubuntu Software Center. This menu includes the link for software that may be purchased. Downloading this software does require the additional steps of setting up an account and making the purchase. This is very good for users.

“When you buy a commercial application through the Software Center, the purchase is recorded and kept with the details of your Ubuntu single sign-on account,” wrote Grant and Bull in their book. “If you ever need to reinstall Ubuntu, or accidentally uninstall an app that you bought, this means that all is not lost — you can easily reinstall any of your purchased applications.”

Advanced Package Tool

The system underlying the Software Center is called the Advanced Package Tool or APT. This system may also be accessed through the Linux terminal. This system looks on known servers called repositories for the software and its dependencies.

Although, it is a bit more advanced, APT can be set to check additional repositories, expanding the number of available programs beyond the 60,000 listed in the Software Center.

Summing Up

Ubuntu is an operating system like Microsoft Windows or Apple Mac OS X. For some business owners, Ubuntu’s Linux distribution is a good alternative to proprietary operating systems.

The Ubuntu Software Center makes it very easy to add software, much of which is free, to the Ubuntu desktop.

Armando Roggio
Armando Roggio
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Comments ( 3 )

  1. Subhadip Ghosh September 3, 2012 Reply

    Less tech-savvy people find it a bit easier to install applications on Ubuntu, once they learn the trick. One info I would like to share is that, Ubuntu Software Center existed even before Apple introduced there App Store, you can even say, Apple drew their inspiration from Ubuntu.

  2. Harald Engels September 3, 2012 Reply

    Using Ubuntu after having worked Windows since version 2 is such a relieve. Installing and maintaining software is unbelievably easy and comfortable and requires only a few seconds attention per week. With Windows installations and updates had too often a negative impact on the functionality, stability and performance of applications or Windows itself.

    Now working with Ubuntu since 2.5 years I never noticed such problems. And for all Windows programs I found a good free alternative in the Ubuntu/Debian universe. There is no longer any good reason for most computer users to stick with a lame OS when the faster and better alternative is available for free.

  3. Steve Philpot September 4, 2012 Reply

    “You’d then run the installer and click through a seemingly endless procession of options and questions before it decides to start installing your new application. On Mac OS, you might have to do something similar, although perhaps with a little less hassle. …Software installation works differently on Ubuntu.”

    Might want to do your research before writing a tech article. There is the App Store on Mac and most software is installed just like the App store on the iPhone. Click buy and put your password in, then the software is downloaded and installed. It’s been awhile since I’ve bought or even downloaded software the "traditional way."

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